Plan your visit to the Aiako Harria Natural Park : description, routes, map, weather, activities, cultural events, recommendations. What kind of geological material has? We´ll tell you
The weather in Irún
The Aiako Harria Natural Park is an impressive granite mass located between the Urumea and Bidasoa rivers, near the foothills of the Pyrenees in its western side. It is the only granite massif in the Basque Country and is constituted by a succession of valleys with steep slopes.
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The Aiako Harria Natural Park contains the oldest geological material Euskadi
The Aiako Harria Natural Park includes the municipalities of Irun, Renteria, Oiartzun, Hernani and San Sebastián. This natural park contain the oldest geological material in the Basque Country, going back to Primary Era or Paleozoic. From the rocks you can admire the Cantabrian coast with the Txingudi Bay, as well as the towns of Hondarribia, Irun and Hendaye.
|Landscape||Narrow valleys with steep slopes, ravines and waterfalls, combined with typical Atlantic vegetation where oak predominates.|
|It has an extension of 6913 hectares. The highest peak of the park is the Erroilbide, 837 meters.|
|Fauna||In its rivers we find salmon, among the birds are: the griffon vulture, Egyptian vulture, the real Harrier, the Crag Martin, Alpine Accentor, the rock thrush and picogordo as highlights. Among the mammals we are: wild cats, deer, wild boar and other Euro-Siberian species besides of cattle in the area (sheep and cattle).|
|Flora||Are Found beech forests in the upper reaches, oak at lower elevations, or oak-beech forest in the headwaters of Añarbe , we also have the Soldanella villosa a rare endemic plant and conifer plantations.|
|Activities||Climbing, hiking, bike, visits tours and classrooms of nature.|
|Services||Recreational areas with refuge, tables, fountains, barbecues, camping, hotels, ranger, parking and gymnastic routes available.|
|Characteristics||In addition to its spectacular scenery, it is the only granite massif in the Basque Country. Likewise it is the oldest land, since dating from the Primary Era or Paleozoic.|
As is the Aiako Harria Natural Park
In the Natural Park there are three distinct areas, on the one hand we found the forests of beech and oak trees around the reservoir Añarbe with a varied wildlife which is an ideal place for walkers. On the other hand the granite crags of its most inaccessible peaks where nesting the griffon vulture and the peregrine falcon. Finally the brooks of Aitzondo or Endara which highlights its rich fauna, formed by a sinuous terrain that causes rivulets downhill, forming waterfalls.
In this natural park it has been developing a mining activity over the past two thousand years produced by the lodes of metals within the massif. This activity has dug many wells and galleries, marking forever the park with tunnels between 15 and 18 kilometers in length. This activity is well represented in Arditurri mines in Oiartzun, where is the Interpretation Centre Park and where it has conditioned a section of a gallery to be accessed by the public.
Within the human activity in the park stand out the prehistoric sites of Azpitarte with various caves and numerous remains and the megalithic monuments in the area of high Bianditz, located in the center of the park and from where you can see a good view of same. Here you can see more than a dozen crómlech, seven dolmens and the occasional tumulus.
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Coordenadas: 43.24704, -1.84158
Walking through the Aiako Harria Natural Park
This natural park has very good areas for trekking as the “tailpiece Urdaburu – Añarbe” with its spectacular forests, the caves of “Landabarso” or the “Dam of Añarbe“ with a very interesting wildlife while walking.
You can also see the menhir complexes like Oinaleku or the remains of mining. In the park there are environmental classrooms in Artikutza, Ibarla and Santiagomendi.
Some routes can be viewed at the following links.
- The Aiako Harria Natural Park – Twon Hall of Irún: irun.org
- Hiking along Aiako Harria: turismo.euskadi.net
- Aiako Harria- routes in Gipuzkoa: rutasporgipuzkoa.com
- Route Peñas de Aia – Aiako Harria: wikiloc.com
What to do in the Aiako Harria Natural Park
Interesting places in the Aiako Harria Natural Park
Nearby places of interest in the Aiako Harria Natural Park
Further information about the Natural Park of Aiako Harria in: gipuzkoamendizmendi.net
Cover image: wikimedia.org
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